4 years ago

3D Structural Model of High-Performance Non-Fullerene Polymer Solar Cells as Revealed by High-Resolution AFM

3D Structural Model of High-Performance Non-Fullerene Polymer Solar Cells as Revealed by High-Resolution AFM
Shaowei Shi, Yongfang Li, Feng Liu, Xiaofeng Chen, Zhi-Guo Zhang, Xubo Liu, Thomas P. Russell, Dong Wang, Xuefei Wu
Rapid improvements in nonfullerene polymer solar cells (PSCs) have brought power conversion efficiencies to greater than 12%. To further improve device performance, a fundamental understanding of the correlations between structure and performance is essential. In this paper, based on a typical high-performance system consisting of J61(one donor–acceptor (D–A) copolymer of benzodithiophene and fluorine substituted benzotriazole) and ITIC (3,9-bis(2-methylene-(3-(1,1-dicyanomethylene)-indanone)-5,5,11,11-tetrakis(4-hexylphenyl)-dithieno[2,3-d:2′,3′-d′]-s-indaceno[1,2-b:5,6-b′]-dithiophene), a 3D structural model is directly imaged by employing high-resolution atomic force microscopy (AFM). Hierarchical morphologies ranging from fiberlike crystallites, several nanometers in size, to a bicontinuous morphology, having domains tens of nanometers in size, are observed. A fibrillar interpenetrating networks of J61-rich domains embedded in a matrix comprised of a J61/ITIC is seen, reflecting the partial miscibility of J61 with ITIC. These hierarchical nanostructural characteristics are coupled to significantly enhanced exciton dissociation, and further contribute to photocurrent and final device performance.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b07694

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b07694

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