3 years ago

Using a Novel In Vitro Fontan Model and Condition-Specific Real-Time MRI Data to Examine Hemodynamic Effects of Respiration and Exercise.

Zhenglun Alan Wei, Ajit Yoganathan, Mark Fogel, Phillip M Trusty, Michael Tree, Kevin Maher, Vrishank Raghav
Several studies exist modeling the Fontan connection to understand its hemodynamic ties to patient outcomes (Chopski in: Experimental and Computational Assessment of Mechanical Circulatory Assistance of a Patient-Specific Fontan Vessel Configuration. Dissertation, 2013; Khiabani et al. in J Biomech 45:2376-2381, 2012; Taylor and Figueroa in Annu Rev Biomed 11:109-134, 2009; Vukicevic et al. in ASAIO J 59:253-260, 2013). The most patient-accurate of these studies include flexible, patient-specific total cavopulmonary connections. This study improves Fontan hemodynamic modeling by validating Fontan model flexibility against a patient-specific bulk compliance value, and employing real-time phase contrast magnetic resonance flow data. The improved model was employed to acquire velocity field information under breath-held, free-breathing, and exercise conditions to investigate the effect of these conditions on clinically important Fontan hemodynamic metrics including power loss and viscous dissipation rate. The velocity data, obtained by stereoscopic particle image velocimetry, was visualized for qualitative three-dimensional flow field comparisons between the conditions. Key hemodynamic metrics were calculated from the velocity data and used to quantitatively compare the flow conditions. The data shows a multi-factorial and extremely patient-specific nature to Fontan hemodynamics.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1007/s10439-017-1943-0

DOI: 10.1007/s10439-017-1943-0

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