3 years ago

Knee Implant Loosening Detection: A Vibration Analysis Investigation.

Jean-Romain Delaloye, Hossein Rouhani, Arash Arami, Brigitte M Jolles, Kamiar Aminian
Knee implant loosening is mainly caused by the weakness of the prosthesis-bone interface and is the main reason for surgical revisions. However, pre-operative diagnosis is difficult due to lack of accurate tests. In this study, we developed a vibration-based system to detect the loosening of the tibial implant of an instrumented knee prosthesis. The proposed system includes an instrumented vibrator for transcutaneous stimulation of the bone in a repeatable manner, and accelerometer sensors integrated into the implants to measure the propagated vibration. A coherence-based detection technique was proposed to distinguish the loosened implants from the secure ones. Fourteen ex vivo lower limbs were used, on which the knee prosthesis was implanted, and harmonic-forced vibration was applied on the tibia. The input-output coherence measure provided 92.26% accuracy, a high sensitivity (91.67%) and specificity (92.86%). This technique was benchmarked against power spectrum based analysis of the propagated vibration to the implant. In particular, loosening detection based on new peak appearance, peak shift, and peak flattening in power spectra showed inferior performance to the proposed coherence-based technique. As such, application of vibration on our instrumented knee prosthesis together with input-output coherence analysis enabled us to distinguish the secure from loose implants.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1007/s10439-017-1941-2

DOI: 10.1007/s10439-017-1941-2

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.