3 years ago

Nitric oxide is required for the insulin sensitizing effects of contraction in mouse skeletal muscle.

Alan Hayes, Glenn K McConell, Stephen Rattigan, Xinmei Zhang, Yet-Hoi Hong, Danielle Hiam, Anthony Zulli
The factors regulating the increase in skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity after exercise are unclear. We examined whether nitric oxide (NO) is required for the increase in insulin sensitivity after ex vivo contractions. Isolated C57BL/6J mouse EDL muscles were contracted for 10 min or remained at rest (basal) with or without the NO synthase (NOS) inhibition (L-NMMA; 100 μm). 3.5 h post contraction/basal, muscles were exposed to saline or insulin (120 μU ml(-1) ) with or without L-NMMA during the last 30 min. L-NMMA had no effect on basal skeletal muscle glucose uptake. The increase in muscle glucose uptake with insulin (57%) was significantly (P < 0.05) greater after prior contraction (140% increase). NOS inhibition during the contractions had no effect on this insulin-sensitizing effect of contraction but NOS inhibition during insulin prevented the increase in skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity post-contraction. Soluble guanylate cyclase inhibition, PKG inhibition or PDE5 inhibition each had no effect on the insulin-sensitizing effect of prior contraction. In conclusion, NO is required for increases in insulin sensitivity several hours after contraction of mouse skeletal muscle via a cGMP/PKG independent pathway. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1113/JP275133

DOI: 10.1113/JP275133

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