3 years ago

Precise microbeam dating defines three Archaean granitoid suites at the southwestern margin of the Kaapvaal Craton

Precise microbeam U-Pb zircon dates have been determined for 17 granitoid samples which crop out along the southwestern margin of the Kaapvaal Craton. In the Marydale High two main types of granitoid are distinguished mainly by their normative Quartz - Alkali Feldspar – Plagioclase mineral proportions. The Draghoender Granite type is generally tonalitic to trondhjemitic and some samples have very low heavy Rare Earth Elements, probably originating as melts of eclogitic protoliths. Their ages vary by ∼50 Ma from 2946 ±9 Ma to 2892 ±6 Ma (2σ), reflecting a long period of magmatism possibly due to subduction. The granodioritic to monzogranitic Skalkseput Granite type intrudes the Draghoender granite in places and has a coherent age of 2901 ±14 Ma. These two granite types thus overlap in time and space. The more evolved Skalkseputs type could have been derived by melting of the Draghoender type during assembly of the Kaapvaal Craton by collision of the Kimberley and Witwatersrand Terranes. A third granite type is exemplified by the 2721 ±6 Ma monzogranitic Steenkop Granite Gneiss which occurs south of Prieskapoort, and corresponds in age to a 2718 ±8 Ma monzogranite dyke which intrudes a 2871 Ma Skalkseput monzogranite. The previous age of 2718 ±8 Ma for the Skalkseput Granite probably also dated a Steenkop-type dyke. A basal conglomerate to the Zeekoebaard Formation of the Ventersdorp Supergroup has a single 2720 ±4 Ma detrital zircon population. South of the Marydale High a narrow strip of Draghoender-type Granite extends to Franzenhof where it is exposed in a Dwyka glacial outwash surface and is dated at 2931 ±9 Ma. The southernmost exposures of granite are windows in the Dwyka group about 130 km southeast of Marydale on both sides of the Doornberg Fault. The 2905 ±7 Ma Maritzdam Granite which is basement to Ventersdorp Supergroup volcanic rocks at Kuip is monzogranitic and corresponds to the Skalkseput type. On the southwest side of the Doornberg Fault the 2907 ±4 Ma Welgevonden Granite underlies Marydale Group volcanic rocks, showing that the Kaapvaal basement extends across the fault.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0301926817301067

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.