3 years ago

Universal quantum magnetometry with spin states at equilibrium.

Matteo G. A. Paris, Filippo Troiani

We address metrological protocols for the estimation of the intensity and the orientation of a magnetic field, and show that quantum-enhanced precision may be achieved by probing the field with an arbitrary spin at thermal equilibrium. We derive a general expression for the ultimate achievable precision, as given by the quantum Fisher information, and express this quantity in terms of common thermodynamic quantities. We also seek for the optimal observable, and show that it corresponds to the spin projection along a suitable direction, defined by a universal function of the spin temperature. Finally, we prove the robustness of our scheme against deviations of the measured spin projection from optimality.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1710.10195

DOI: arXiv:1710.10195v1

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