3 years ago

Uhlmann curvature in dissipative phase transitions.

Bernardo Spagnolo, Davide Valenti, Angelo Carollo

We study the mean Uhlmann curvature in fermionic systems undergoing a dissipative driven phase transition. We consider a paradigmatic class of lattice fermion systems in non-equilibrium steady-state of an open system with local reservoirs, which are characterised by a Gaussian fermionic steady state. In the thermodynamical limit, in systems with translational invariance we show that a singular behaviour of the Uhlmann curvature represents a sufficient criterion for criticalities, in the sense of diverging correlation length, and it is not otherwise sensitive to the closure of the Liouvillian dissipative gap. In finite size systems, we show that the scaling behaviour of the mean Uhlmann curvature maps faithfully the phase diagram, and a relation to the dissipative gap is put forward. We argue that the mean Uhlmann phase can shade light upon the nature of non equilibrium steady state criticality in particular with regard to the role played by quantum vs classical fluctuations.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1710.07560

DOI: arXiv:1710.07560v3

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