Amplitudes, recursion relations and unitarity in the Abelian Higgs Model.
The Abelian Higgs model forms an essential part of the electroweak standard model: it is the sector containing only Z and Higgs bosons. We present a diagram-based proof of the tree-level unitarity of this model inside the unitary gauge, where only physical degrees of freedom occur. We derive combinatorial recursion relations for off-shell amplitudes in the massless approximation, which allows us to prove the cancellation of the first two orders in energy of unitarity-violating high-energy behaviour for any tree-level amplitude in this model. We describe a deformation of the amplitudes by extending the physical phase space to at least 7 spacetime dimensions, which leads to on-shell recursion relations a la BCFW. These lead to a simple proof that all on-shell tree amplitudes obey partial-wave unitarity.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1705.04859
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