The stability of unity beta equilibria in tokamaks.
The plasma beta, ratio of kinetic to magnetic pressure, inside a tokamak should stay below the Troyon limit to avoid major plasma instabilities. However, this paper argues that Troyon limit occurs only when current profiles cannot sustain high beta equilibria. This paper shows that plasmas with peak beta on the order of unity are stable to ideal MHD modes. While the theoretical (ideal-MHD) stability of unity beta equilibrium has been resolved, the experimental existence of high beta equilibria in tokamaks remains an unsolved problem of plasma physics.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1703.01354
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