Tunable Resonance Coupling in Single Si Nanoparticle-Monolayer WS2 Structures.
Two-dimensional semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) are extremely attractive materials for optoelectronic applications in the visible and near-IR range. Here, we address for the first time to the best of our knowledge the issue of resonance coupling in hybrid exciton-polariton structures based on single Si nanoparticles coupled to monolayer WS2. We predict a transition from weak to strong coupling regime , with a Rabi splitting energy exceeding 200 meV for a Si nanoparticle covered by monolayer WS 2 at the magnetic optical Mie resonance. This large transition is achieved due to the symmetry of magnetic dipole Mie mode and by changing the surrounding dielectric material from air to water. The prediction is based on the experimental estimation of TMDC dipole moment variation obtained from measured photoluminescence (PL) spectra of WS2 monolayers in different solvents. An ability of such a system to tune the resonance coupling is realized experimentally for optically resonant spherical Si nanoparticles placed on a WS2 monolayer. The Rabi splitting energy obtained for this scenario increases from 49.6 meV to 86.6 meV after replacing air by water. Our findings pave the way to develop high-efficiency optoelectronic, nanophotonic and quantum optical devices.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1710.09949
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