3 years ago

Anomalous excitation enhancement with Rydberg-dressed atoms.

Luyao Yan, Lu Zhang, Dandan Ma, Huihan Bao, Xiaoqian Chai, Jing Qian

We develop the research achievement of recent work [M. G\"arttner, et.al., Phys. Rev. Letts. 113, 233002 (2014)], in which an anomalous excitation enhancement is observed in a three-level Rydberg-atom ensemble with many-body coherence. In our novel theoretical analysis, this effect is ascribed to the existence of a quasi-dark state as well as its avoided crossings to nearby Rydberg-dressed states. Moreover, we show that with an appropriate control of the optical detuning to the intermediate state, the enhancement can evoke a direct facilitation to atom-light coupling that even breaks through the conventional $\sqrt{N}$ limit of strong-blockaded ensembles. As a consequence, the intensity of the probe laser for intermediate transition can be reduced considerably, increasing the feasibility of experiments with Rydberg-dressed atoms.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1710.10149

DOI: arXiv:1710.10149v1

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