5 years ago

Enhancing CO2 electrolysis to formate on facilely synthesized Bi catalysts at low overpotential

Enhancing CO2 electrolysis to formate on facilely synthesized Bi catalysts at low overpotential
The electrochemical reduction of CO2 to fuels and chemicals powered by renewable electricity has been regarded as a promising pathway, which can mitigate the greenhouse effect and energy crisis. However, the development of catalyst with high activity, selectivity, and good stability is still the bottleneck to accomplish this goal. In this communication, we report the promising performance of a micro-structured Bi catalyst which directly converts CO2 to fuels at room temperature and ambient pressure. The Bi catalyst is designed by a simple and facile aqueous chemical reduction strategy, which readily scales up. The Bi45 catalyst exhibits a superior catalytic activity for CO2 conversion to formate, achieving a high Faradic efficiency of 90% at applied potential −1.45V vs. SCE. The overpotential for the Bi45/GDE electrode is only 600mV, a new record to all reported Bi catalysts in the literature. Particularly, the catalyst proves to be robust without any obvious degradation over 20h of continuous electrolysis at −1.45V vs. SCE. The notable activity achieved here is ascribed to the special micro-structure of the Bi catalyst, which may afford more active sites, as indicated by comparison to the structure of commercial Bi.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0926337317305751

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