3 years ago

Addressing the Fundamental Electronic Properties of Wurtzite GaAs Nanowires by High-Field Magneto-Photoluminescence Spectroscopy

Addressing the Fundamental Electronic Properties of Wurtzite GaAs Nanowires by High-Field Magneto-Photoluminescence Spectroscopy
Antonio Polimeni, Silvia Rubini, Marta De Luca, Peter C. M. Christianen, Alan Meaney, Faustino Martelli, Marco Felici
At ambient conditions, GaAs forms in the zincblende (ZB) phase with the notable exception of nanowires (NWs) where the wurtzite (WZ) lattice is also found. The WZ formation is both a complication to be dealt with and a potential feature to be exploited, for example, in NW homostructures wherein ZB and WZ phases alternate controllably and thus band gap engineering is achieved. Despite intense studies, some of the fundamental electronic properties of WZ GaAs NWs are not fully assessed yet. In this work, by using photoluminescence (PL) under high magnetic fields (B = 0–28 T), we measure the diamagnetic shift, ΔEd, and the Zeeman splitting of the band gap free exciton in WZ GaAs formed in core–shell InGaAs–GaAs NWs. The quantitative analysis of ΔEd at different temperatures (T = 4.2 and 77 K) and for different directions of B⃗ allows the determination of the exciton reduced mass, μexc, in planes perpendicular (μexc = 0.052 m0, where m0 is the electron mass in vacuum) and parallel (μexc = 0.057 m0) to the ĉ axis of the WZ lattice. The value and anisotropy of the exciton reduced mass are compatible with the electron lowest-energy state having Γ7C instead of Γ8C symmetry. This finding answers a long discussed issue about the correct ordering of the conduction band states in WZ GaAs. As for the Zeeman splitting, it varies considerably with the field direction, resulting in an exciton gyromagnetic factor equal to 5.4 and ∼0 for B⃗//ĉ and B⃗ĉ, respectively. This latter result provides fundamental insight into the band structure of wurtzite GaAs.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02189

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02189

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