3 years ago

Preribosomes escaping from the nucleus are caught during translation by cytoplasmic quality control

Preribosomes escaping from the nucleus are caught during translation by cytoplasmic quality control
Emma Thomson, Roland Beckmann, Ed Hurt, Anshuk Sarkar, Clara Barrio-Garcia, Matthias Thoms, Dirk Flemming
Assembly of fully functional ribosomes is a prerequisite for failsafe translation. This explains why maturing preribosomal subunits have to pass through an array of quality-control checkpoints, including nuclear export, to ensure that only properly assembled ribosomes engage in translation. Despite these safeguards, we found that nuclear pre-60S particles unable to remove a transient structure composed of ITS2 pre-rRNA and associated assembly factors, termed the 'foot', escape to the cytoplasm, where they can join with mature 40S subunits to catalyze protein synthesis. However, cells harboring these abnormal ribosomes show translation defects indicated by the formation of 80S ribosomes poised with pre-60S subunits carrying tRNAs in trapped hybrid states. To overcome this translational stress, the cytoplasmic surveillance machineries RQC and Ski-exosome target these malfunctioning ribosomes. Thus, pre-60S subunits that escape nuclear quality control can enter translation, but are caught by cytoplasmic surveillance mechanisms.

Publisher URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/nsmb.3495

DOI: 10.1038/nsmb.3495

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.