5 years ago

Vinyluridine as a Versatile Chemoselective Handle for the Post-transcriptional Chemical Functionalization of RNA

Vinyluridine as a Versatile Chemoselective Handle for the Post-transcriptional Chemical Functionalization of RNA
Seergazhi G. Srivatsan, Jerrin Thomas George
The development of modular and efficient methods to functionalize RNA with biophysical probes is very important in advancing the understanding of the structural and functional relevance of RNA in various cellular events. Herein, we demonstrate a two-step bioorthogonal chemical functionalization approach for the conjugation of multiple probes onto RNA transcripts using a 5-vinyl-modified uridine nucleotide analog (VUTP). VUTP, containing a structurally noninvasive and versatile chemoselective handle, was efficiently incorporated into RNA transcripts by in vitro transcription reactions. Furthermore, we show for the first time the use of a palladium-mediated oxidative Heck reaction in functionalizing RNA with fluorogenic probes by reacting vinyl-labeled RNA transcripts with appropriate boronic acid substrates. The vinyl label also permitted the post-transcriptional functionalization of RNA by a reagent-free inverse electron demand Diels–Alder (IEDDA) reaction in the presence of tetrazine substrates. Collectively, our results demonstrate that the incorporation of VUTP provides newer possibilities for the modular functionalization of RNA with variety of reporters.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.7b00169

DOI: 10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.7b00169

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