3 years ago

Toxic responses of microorganisms to nickel exposure in farmland soil in the presence of earthworm (Eisenia fetida)

Toxic responses of microorganisms to nickel exposure in farmland soil in the presence of earthworm (Eisenia fetida)
Nickel (Ni)-contamination impairs soil ecosystem, threatening human health. A laboratory simulation of Ni-polluted farmland soil study, in the presence or absence of earthworm, was carried out to investigate the toxic responses of soil microorganisms, including microbial biomass C (MBC), soil basal respiration (SBR), metabolic quotient (qCO2), urease (UA) and dehydrogenase activities (DHA). Additionally, the variations of Ni bioavailability were also explored. Results manifested that MBC and SBR were stimulated at 50 and 100 mg·kg−1 of Ni but inhibited by further increasing Ni level, showing a Hormesis effect. Earthworm input delayed the occurrence of a maximum SBR inhibition rate under the combined double-factors of time and dose. No specific effect of Ni concentration on the qCO2 was observed. UA was significantly suppressed at 800 mg·kg−1 Ni (P < 0.05 or 0.01), whereas DHA was more sensitive and significantly inhibited throughout all the treatments (P < 0.01), indicating a pronounced dose-response relationship. The addition of earthworm facilitated all the biomarkers above. The time-dependent of dose-effect relationship (TDR) on MBC and SBR inhibition rates suggested that the peak responsiveness of microorganisms to Ni stress were approximate on the 21st day. The bioavailable form of per unit Ni concentration declined with time expanded and concentration increased, and the changeable process of the relative amount of bioavailability was mainly controlled by a physicochemical reactions.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0045653517317319

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