3 years ago

Ionic Liquid/Metal–Organic Framework Composites: From Synthesis to Applications

Ionic Liquid/Metal–Organic Framework Composites: From Synthesis to Applications
Seda Keskin, Alper Uzun, Fatma Pelin Kinik
Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) have been widely studied for different applications owing to their fascinating properties such as large surface areas, high porosities, tunable pore sizes, and acceptable thermal and chemical stabilities. Ionic liquids (ILs) have been recently incorporated into the pores of MOFs as cavity occupants to change the physicochemical properties and gas affinities of MOFs. Several recent studies have shown that IL/MOF composites show superior performances compared with pristine MOFs in various fields, such as gas storage, adsorption and membrane-based gas separation, catalysis, and ionic conductivity. In this review, we address the recent advances in syntheses of IL/MOF composites and provide a comprehensive overview of their applications. Opportunities and challenges of using IL/MOF composites in many applications are reviewed and the requirements for the utilization of these composite materials in real industrial processes are discussed to define the future directions in this field. Performance enhancement by ionic liquid incorporation: Tuning the porous structure of metal–organic frameworks by ionic liquid incorporation has been investigated recently to obtain better performances in different fields (see image). This review aims to cover the synthesis methods of ionic liquid incorporated metal–organic framework composites and the results of their applications.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201700716

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