5 years ago

Charting organellar importomes by quantitative mass spectrometry

Charting organellar importomes by quantitative mass spectrometry
Bettina Knapp, , Sandro Käser, Christian D. Peikert, Anke Harsman, Christoph Wenger, Jan Mani, Bettina Warscheid, André Schneider, Marcel Morgenstern, Silke Oeljeklaus, ,
Protein import into organelles is essential for all eukaryotes and facilitated by multi-protein translocation machineries. Analysing whether a protein is transported into an organelle is largely restricted to single constituents. This renders knowledge about imported proteins incomplete, limiting our understanding of organellar biogenesis and function. Here we introduce a method that enables charting an organelle’s importome. The approach relies on inducible RNAi-mediated knockdown of an essential subunit of a translocase to impair import and quantitative mass spectrometry. To highlight its potential, we established the mitochondrial importome of Trypanosoma brucei, comprising 1,120 proteins including 331 new candidates. Furthermore, the method allows for the identification of proteins with dual or multiple locations and the substrates of distinct protein import pathways. We demonstrate the specificity and versatility of this ImportOmics method by targeting import factors in mitochondria and glycosomes, which demonstrates its potential for globally studying protein import and inventories of organelles.

Publisher URL: http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms15272

DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15272

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