5 years ago

Oxygen Vacancy Engineering of Co3O4 Nanocrystals through Coupling with Metal Support for Water Oxidation

Oxygen Vacancy Engineering of Co3O4 Nanocrystals through Coupling with Metal Support for Water Oxidation
Xiao Wei, Jie-Sheng Chen, Ke-Xin Zhang, Xin-Hao Li, Shin-Ichi Hirano, Jun-Jun Zhang, Zhi-Dong Jiang, Tian-Jian Zhao, Hong-Hui Wang
Oxygen vacancies can help to capture oxygen-containing species and act as active centers for oxygen evolution reaction (OER). Unfortunately, effective methods for generating a high amount of oxygen vacancies on the surface of various nanocatalysts are rather limited. Here, we described an effective way to generate oxygen-vacancy-rich surface of transition metal oxides, exemplified with Co3O4, simply by constructing highly coupled interface of ultrafine Co3O4 nanocrystals and metallic Ti. Impressively, the amounts of oxygen vacancy on the surface of Co3O4/Ti surpassed the reported values of the Co3O4 modified even under highly critical conditions. The Co3O4/Ti electrode could provide a current density of 23 mA cm−2 at an OER overpotential of 570 mV, low Tafel slope, and excellent durability in neutral medium. Because of the formation of a large amount of oxygen vacancies as the active centers for OER on the surface, the TOF value of the Co3O4@Ti electrode was optimized to be 3238 h−1 at an OER overpotential of 570 mV, which is 380 times that of the state-of-the-art non-noble nanocatalysts in the literature. Interface activation: An easy but effective approach to generating a rich amount of oxygen vacancies (VO) in Co3O4 nanocrystal-based oxygen evolution reaction (OER) electrodes by constructing a highly coupled interface with metallic Ti is demonstrated. Oxygen vacancies help to capture water molecules for OER in neutral electrolyte, resulting in impressively high current density and TOF value at an OER overpotential of 570 mV.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201700779

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