3 years ago

GRB170817A/GW170817 is not a short gamma-ray burst, most likely an intermediate one.

Z. Bagoly, I. Horvath, J. Hakkila, L.V. Toth, B.G. Toth, I.I. Racz, L.G. Balazs, S. Pinter

GRB170817A associated with the LIGO-Virgo GW170817 neutron-star merger event lacks the short duration and hard spectrum expected of a Short gamma-ray burst (GRB) from long-standing classification models. Classifying this burst correctly requires comparison with other GRBs detected by Fermi GBM. The Fermi GBM catalog provides a large database with many measured variables that can be used to explore gamma-ray burst classification. Our aim is to classify Fermi GRBs and test whether or not GRB170817A belongs - as suggested - to the Short GRB class. We use statistical techniques to look for clustering in a sample of 1298 gamma-ray bursts described by duration and spectral hardness. Classification of the detected bursts shows that GRB170817A belongs to the Intermediate, rather than the Short GRB class. GRB170817A does not appear to fit into a simple phenomenological classification scheme. Recently, it was suggested that GRB170817A/GW170817 may be a member of a new Short GRB sub-class. Here we show that this proposed sub-class is the Intermediate one, as discovered earlier.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1710.11509

DOI: arXiv:1710.11509v1

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