3 years ago

Visible-light photocatalytic degradation of multiple antibiotics by AgI nanoparticle-sensitized Bi5O7I microspheres: Enhanced interfacial charge transfer based on Z-scheme heterojunctions

Visible-light photocatalytic degradation of multiple antibiotics by AgI nanoparticle-sensitized Bi5O7I microspheres: Enhanced interfacial charge transfer based on Z-scheme heterojunctions
The development of efficient visible light photocatalysts for refractory organic pollutant degradation has gained considerable attention in wastewater treatment. Here, close-connected AgI/Bi5O7I (AI/BOI) heterojunctions were successfully synthesized by a facile deposition–precipitation approach. Multiple antibiotics, including tetracycline, deoxytetracycline, oxytetracycline, and ciprofloxacin, were employed as target pollutants to evaluate the visible light photoactivity of the prepared samples. The obtained AI/BOI-5 exhibited optimal photocatalytic activity and photoelectric property, which was 8.62times (tetracycline degradation rate) and 12.44-fold (photocurrent intensity) than those of bare BOI, respectively. The strengthened visible light absorption and effective separation and transfer of the photoinduced electrons and holes should be responsible for the improvement of photocatalytic performance. The mineralization ability comparison was explored by total organic carbon and three-dimensional excitation–emission matrix fluorescence spectra measurements. The AI/BOI-5 also revealed good adaptability to higher initial contaminant concentrations and desired photodegradation stability in practical applications. By the studies of reactive species trapping, electron spin resonance and nitroblue tetrazolium agent of O2 transformation experiments verified that O2 , h+, and OH were all produced in AI/BOI photocatalytic systems, while only O2 and h+ worked during BOI photolysis. A possible Z-scheme heterojunction mechanism can be ascribed to the enhanced photocatalytic degradation of multiple antibiotics induced by AI/BOI. This work gives deep insight into heterostructured photocatalysis and provides a novel way to construct and design highly efficient photocatalysts for water purification.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0021951717301537

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