Isotropic Huygens dipoles and multipoles with colloidal particles.
Huygens sources are elements that scatter light in the forward direction as used in the Huygens-Fresnel principle. They have remained fictitious until recently where experimental systems have been fabricated. In this letter, we propose isotropic meta-atoms that act as Huygens sources. Using clusters of plasmonic or dielectric colloidal particles, Huygens dipoles that resonate at visible frequencies can be achieved with scattering cross-sections as high as 5 times the geometric cross-section of the particle surpassing anything achievable with a hypothetical simple spherical particle. Examples are given that predict extremely broadband scattering in the forward direction over a 1000 nm wavelength range at optical frequencies. These systems are important to the fields of nanoantennas, metamaterials and wave physics in general as well as any application that requires local control over the radiation properties of a system as in solar cells or bio-sensing.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1707.08902