3 years ago

Lorentz violation with a universal minimum speed as foundation of de Sitter relativity.

Rodrigo Francisco dos Santos, A. C. Amaro de Faria Jr, Cláudio Nassif da Cruz

We aim to investigate the theory of Lorentz violation with an invariant minimum speed so-called Symmetrical Special Relativity (SSR) from the viewpoint of its metric. Thus we should explore the nature of SSR-metric in order to understand the origin of the conformal factor that appears in the metric by deforming Minkowski metric by means of an invariant minimum speed that breaks down Lorentz symmetry. So we are able to realize that there is a similarity between SSR and a new space with variable negative curvature ($-\infty<\mathcal R<0$) connected to a set of infinite cosmological constants ($0<\Lambda<\infty$), working like an extended de Sitter (dS) relativity, so that such extended dS-relativity has curvature and cosmological "constant" varying in the time. We obtain a scenario that is more similar to dS-relativity given in the approximation of a slightly negative curvature for representing the current universe having a tiny cosmological constant. Finally we show that the invariant minimum speed provides the foundation for understanding the kinematics origin of the extra dimension considered in dS-relativity in order to represent the dS-length.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1710.11497

DOI: arXiv:1710.11497v1

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