Testing the distance duality relation using type-Ia supernovae and ultra-compact radio sources.
We test the possible deviation of the cosmic distance duality relation $D_A(z)(1+z)^2/D_L(z)\equiv 1$ using the standard candles/rulers in a fully model-independent manner. Type-Ia supernovae are used as the standard candles to derive the luminosity distance $D_L(z)$, and ultra-compact radio sources are used as the standard rulers to obtain the angular diameter distance $D_A(z)$. We write the deviation of distance duality relation as $D_A(z)(1+z)^2/D_L(z)=\eta(z)$. Specifically, we use two parameterizations of $\eta(z)$, i.e. $\eta_1(z)=1+\eta_0 z$ and $\eta_2(z)=1+\eta_0 z/(1+z)$. The parameter $\eta_0$ is obtained using the Markov chain Monte Carlo methods by comparing $D_L(z)$ and $D_A(z)$ at the same redshift. The best-fitting results are $\eta_0=-0.06\pm 0.05$ and $-0.18\pm 0.16$ for the first and second parameterizations, respectively. Our results depend on neither the cosmological models, nor the matter contents or the curvature of the universe.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1710.11361