3 years ago

Anisotropic Growth of Hydroxyapatite in Stretched Double Network Hydrogel

Anisotropic Growth of Hydroxyapatite in Stretched Double Network Hydrogel
Jian Ping Gong, Kazuya Furusawa, Tasuku Nakajima, Takayuki Kurokawa, Takayuki Nonoyama, Ryuji Kiyama, Kazuki Fukao
Bone tissues possess excellent mechanical properties such as compatibility between strength and flexibility and load bearing owing to the hybridization of organic/inorganic matters with anisotropic structure. To synthetically mimic such an anisotropic structure of natural organic/inorganic hybrid materials, we carried out hydroxyapatite (HAp) mineralization in stretched tough double network (DN) hydrogels. Anisotropic mineralization of HAp took place in stretched hydrogels, as revealed by high brightness synchrotron X-ray scattering and transmission electron microscopic observation. The c-axis of mineralized HAp aligned along the stretching direction, and the orientation degree S calculated from scattering profiles increased with increasing in the elongation ratio λ of the DN gel, and S at λ = 4 became comparable to that of rabbit tibial bones. The morphology of HAp polycrystal gradually changed from spherical to unidirectional rod-like shape with increased elongation ratio. A possible mechanism for the anisotropic mineralization is proposed, which would be one of the keys to develop mechanically anisotropic organic/inorganic hybrid materials.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b04942

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b04942

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