3 years ago

It Is Complicated: Curvature, Diffusion, and Lipid Sorting within the Two Membranes of Escherichia coli

It Is Complicated: Curvature, Diffusion, and Lipid Sorting within the Two Membranes of Escherichia coli
Syma Khalid, Firdaus Samsudin, Pin-Chia Hsu, Jonathan Shearer
The cell envelope of Gram-negative bacteria is composed of two membranes separated by a soluble region. Here, we report microsecond time scale coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulations of models of the Escherichia coli cell envelope that incorporate both membranes and various native membrane proteins. Our results predict that both the inner and outer membranes curve in a manner dependent on the size of the embedded proteins. The tightly cross-linked lipopolysaccharide molecules (LPS) of the outer membrane cause a strong coupling between the movement of proteins and lipids. While the flow of phospholipids is more random, their diffusion is nevertheless influenced by nearby proteins. Our results reveal protein-induced lipid sorting, whereby cardiolipin is significantly enriched within the vicinity of the water channel AqpZ and the multidrug efflux pump AcrBZ. In summary, our results provide unprecedented details of the intricate relationship between both membranes of E. coli and the proteins embedded within them.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b02432

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b02432

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