3 years ago

Docking-based design and synthesis of galantamine–camphane hybrids as inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase

Docking-based design and synthesis of galantamine–camphane hybrids as inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase
Spiro Konstantinov, Georgi Stavrakov, Dimitrina Zheleva-Dimitrova, Evdokiya Salamanova, Irini Doytchinova, Iva Valkova, Irena Philipova
Galantamine (GAL) as an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (AChEI) is among the main drugs approved for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. It fits perfectly into acetylcholinesterase (AChE) binding gorge, but it is too short to fill it. The amyloid beta (Aβ) peptide binds in the peripheral anionic site (PAS) at the entrance of the binding gorge of AChE and initiates the formation of amyloid plaques. The blockade of PAS prevents from AChE-induced Aβ aggregation. In this study, we describe the design of a series of galantamine–camphane hybrids as AChEIs. Camphane (CAM) is a bulky fragment that disposes well on the wide gorge entrance. The designed hybrids have linkers of different length. They were docked into AChE, and the highest scored compounds were synthesized and tested for AChE inhibitory activity. Some of the novel hybrids showed 191- and 369-fold better inhibition than GAL. The CAM fragment of the best binders fits in the same region, proximal to PAS, where the Ω-loop of Aβ binds to AChE. The hybrids cross blood–brain barrier by passive diffusion and are non-neurotoxic at the inhibitory concentrations. The galantamine fragment of the galantamine–camphane hybrids bind the catalytic site of acetylcholinesterase, while the camphane fragment fits in the peripheral anionic site, where the Ω-loop of amyloid beta peptide binds to the enzyme. The inhibitor “closes” the binding site by causing a shift of Trp286 and prevents the amyloid beta peptide from binding.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/cbdd.12991

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.