3 years ago

Antiepileptics for Post-Traumatic Seizure Prophylaxis after Traumatic Brain Injury.

Rui Feng, Neha S Dangayach, Konstantinos Margetis, Kurt Yaeger, Marios S Themistocleous, Zachary L Hickman, Alexander G Chartrain
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an important public health concern plagued by high rates of mortality and significant long-term disability in many survivors. Post-traumatic seizures (PTS) are not uncommon following TBI, both in the early (within 7 days post-injury) and late (after 7 days post-injury) period. Due to the potential of PTS to exacerbate secondary injury following TBI and the possibility of developing post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE), the medical community has explored preventative treatment strategies. Prophylactic antiepileptic drug (AED) administration has been proposed as a measure to reduce the incidence of PTS and the ultimate development of PTE in TBI patients. In this topical review, we discuss the pathophysiologic mechanisms of early and late PTS and the development of PTE following TBI, the pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties of AEDs commonly used to prevent post-traumatic seizures, and summarize the available clinical evidence for employing AEDs for seizure prophylaxis after TBI.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.2174/1381612823666171031100139

DOI: 10.2174/1381612823666171031100139

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.