3 years ago

Does HPV status influence survival after vulvar cancer?

Klaus Kaae Andersen, Marie Hoffmann Frederiksen, Susanne K. Kjær, Freja Lærke Sand, Christina Louise Rasmussen
High-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is essential in the carcinogenesis of a substantial part of anogenital and oropharyngeal cancers and has additionally been shown to be a possible predictive marker for survival, especially in oropharyngeal cancer. Studies examining the influence of HPV status on survival after vulvar cancer have been conflicting and limited by small study populations. Therefore, the aim of this review and meta-analysis was to examine whether HPV status influences survival after vulvar cancer, which, to our knowledge, has not been done before. We conducted a systematic search of PubMed, Cochrane Library and Embase to identify studies examining survival after histologically verified and HPV tested vulvar cancer. A total of 18 studies were eligible for inclusion. Study-specific and pooled HRs of the 5-year OS and DFS were calculated using a fixed effects model. The I2 statistic was used to describe heterogeneity. The studies included a total of 1638 women with HPV tested vulvar cancers of which 541 and 1097 were HPV positive and HPV negative, respectively. Fifteen studies included only squamous cell carcinomas. We found a pooled HR of 0.61 (95%CI: 0.48–0.77) and 0.75 (95%CI: 0.57–1.00) for 5-year OS and DFS, respectively. Across study heterogeneity was moderate to high (OS: I2 = 51%; DFS: I2 = 73%). In conclusion, women with HPV positive vulvar cancers have a superior survival compared to women with HPV negative, which could be of great clinical interest and provides insight into the differences in the natural history of HPV positive and negative vulvar cancers. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/ijc.31139

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