3 years ago

Effect of alkali on CH bond scission over Pt/YSZ catalyst during water-gas-shift, steam-assisted formic acid decomposition and methanol steam reforming

Effect of alkali on CH bond scission over Pt/YSZ catalyst during water-gas-shift, steam-assisted formic acid decomposition and methanol steam reforming
In previous work, Na-doping of Pt/YSZ was found to facilitate the low temperature water gas shift reaction (LT-WGS), and the promoting effect was ascribed to an electronic weakening of the CH bond of the formate species, a proposed intermediate in the catalytic cycle. Formate has also been implicated as an intermediate in steam-assisted formic acid decomposition (SAFAD) and methanol steam reforming (MSR) pathways. In the current contribution, Na-doping was also found to significantly accelerate the SAFAD reaction. The high activity of Pt/YSZ for SAFAD, as well as the promoting effect of Na, are in stark contrast to the view that formates are too stable, precluding them as intermediates for LT-WGS. With MSR, a remarkable promoting effect of Na doping was observed in the selectivity to CO2 (>90% for Na-doped relative to 22% for undoped at 300°C); however, at the doping levels used in the current work, the activity was lower for the Na doped catalyst and further optimization is needed to improve MSR conversion.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0920586116308227

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