3 years ago

Origin of the Bashierxi monzogranite, Qiman Tagh, East Kunlun Orogen, NW China: a magmatic response to the evolution of the Proto-Tethys Ocean

Origin of the Bashierxi monzogranite, Qiman Tagh, East Kunlun Orogen, NW China: a magmatic response to the evolution of the Proto-Tethys Ocean
The Qiman Tagh of the East Kunlun Orogen, NW China, lies within the Tethysides and hosts a large W–Sn belt associated with the Bashierxi monzogranite. To constrain the origin of the granitic magmatism and its relationship with W–Sn mineralization and the tectonic evolution of the East Kunlun Orogen and the Tethys, we present zircon U–Pb ages and Hf isotopic data, and whole-rock compositional and Sr–Nd–Pb isotopic data of the Bashierxi monzogranite. The granite comprises quartz, K-feldspar, plagioclase, and minor muscovite, tourmaline, biotite, and garnet. It contains high concentrations of SiO2, K2O, and Al2O3, and low concentrations of TiO2 and MgO, indicating a peraluminous high-K calc-alkaline affinity. The rocks are enriched in Rb, U, Pb, and light rare earth elements, and relatively depleted in Eu, Ba, Nb, Sr, P, and Ti, and are classified as S-type granites. Twenty zircon grains yield a weighted mean 238U /206Pb age of 432±2.6Ma (mean square weighted deviation=1.3), indicating the occurrence of a middle Silurian magmatic event in the region. Magmatic zircons yield εHf(t) values of −6.7 to 0.7 and corresponding two-stage Hf model ages of 16631250 Ma, suggesting that the granite was derived from Mesoproterozoic crust, as also indicated by 207Pb/206Pb ages of 1621–1609Ma obtained from inherited zircon cores. The inherited zircon cores yield εHf(t) values of 8.3–9.6, which indicate the generation of juvenile crust in the late Paleoproterozoic. Samples of the Bashierxi granite yield high initial 87Sr/86Sr ratios and radiogenic Pb concentrations, and negative εNd(t) values. Isotopic data from the Bashierxi granite indicate that it was derived from partial melting of ancient (early Paleozoic to Mesoproterozoic) sediments, possibly representing recycled Proterozoic juvenile crust. Middle Silurian granitic magmatism resulted from continental collision following closure of the Proto-Tethys Ocean. The Qiman Tagh represents a Caledonian orogenic belt containing S-type granites and associated W–Sn deposits.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0024493717303705

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