3 years ago

Organic Thiocarboxylate Electrodes for a Room-Temperature Sodium-Ion Battery Delivering an Ultrahigh Capacity

Organic Thiocarboxylate Electrodes for a Room-Temperature Sodium-Ion Battery Delivering an Ultrahigh Capacity
Gang He, Jianwei Wang, Yaping Du, Xiaogang Han, Ju Li, Hongyang Zhao, Yuheng Zheng
Organic room-temperature sodium-ion battery electrodes with carboxylate and carbonyl groups have been widely studied. Herein, for the first time, we report a family of sodium-ion battery electrodes obtained by replacing stepwise the oxygen atoms with sulfur atoms in the carboxylate groups of sodium terephthalate which improves electron delocalization, electrical conductivity and sodium uptake capacity. The versatile strategy based on molecular engineering greatly enhances the specific capacity of organic electrodes with the same carbon scaffold. By introducing two sulfur atoms to a single carboxylate scaffold, the molecular solid reaches a reversible capacity of 466 mAh g−1 at a current density of 50 mA g−1. When four sulfur atoms are introduced, the capacity increases to 567 mAh g−1 at a current density of 50 mA g−1, which is the highest capacity value reported for organic sodium-ion battery anodes until now. A family of organic electrodes for the sodium-ion battery has been developed by replacing stepwise oxygen with sulfur in the carboxylate groups of sodium terephthalate. The electrodes show improved electron delocalization, electrical conductivity and sodium uptake capacity. The versatile strategy based on molecular engineering greatly enhances the specific capacity of the organic electrodes.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/anie.201708960

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