3 years ago

Time-Resolved In Situ MAS NMR Monitoring of the Nucleation and Growth of Zeolite BEA Catalysts under Hydrothermal Conditions

Time-Resolved In Situ MAS NMR Monitoring of the Nucleation and Growth of Zeolite BEA Catalysts under Hydrothermal Conditions
Ivan A. Kasyanov, Yury G. Kolyagin, Alexander V. Yakimov, Tatiana O. Bok, Dmitry N. Zarubin, Irina I. Ivanova
Time-resolved 13C, 23Na, 27Al, and 29Si MAS NMR has been applied in situ for monitoring the hydrothermal synthesis of zeolite BEA. Isotopic labelling with 29Si and 13C isotopes has been used to follow the fate of siliceous species and structure directing agent ((13CH3−CH2)4NOH). Two mechanistic pathways, namely solution-mediated and solid–solid hydrogel rearrangement have been distinguished for two synthesis procedures studied. The mechanisms of structure-directing behavior of TEA+ cations in two reaction pathways have been elucidated. The results show that multinuclear MAS NMR can serve as a superior tool for monitoring hydrothermal synthesis of various solids including zeolites, zeotypes, mesoporous materials, metal–organic frameworks and so on and for the design of novel outstanding materials for different applications. Time-resolved 13C, 23Na, 27Al, and 29Si MAS NMR spectroscopy coupled with isotopic labeling with 29Si and 13C isotopes was applied in situ for monitoring the hydrothermal synthesis of zeolite BEA. Homogeneous and heterogeneous mechanistic pathways were identified. The results show that multinuclear MAS NMR can be used to monitor the hydrothermal synthesis of various solids and for the design of novel outstanding materials.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/anie.201709039

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