3 years ago

Tunable Triazole-Phosphine-Copper Catalysts for the Synthesis of 2-Aryl-1H-benzo[d]imidazoles from Benzyl Alcohols and Diamines by Acceptorless Dehydrogenation and Borrowing Hydrogen Reactions

Tunable Triazole-Phosphine-Copper Catalysts for the Synthesis of 2-Aryl-1H-benzo[d]imidazoles from Benzyl Alcohols and Diamines by Acceptorless Dehydrogenation and Borrowing Hydrogen Reactions
Xiaoli Yu, Zhaojun Xu, Yongchun Yang, Dawei Wang, Duo-Sheng Wang
Triazole-phosphine-copper complexes (TAP−Cu) have been synthesized and applied as tunable and efficient catalysts for the selective synthesis of fluoro-substituted 2-aryl-1H-benzo[d]imidazole and 1-benzyl-2-aryl-1H-benzo[d]imidazole derivatives from simple alcohols in only one step. TAP−Cu exhibited excellent and tunable catalytic activity for both dehydrogenation and borrowing hydrogen reactions with more than 80 examples being demonstrated for the first time. It was observed that the ligand played a critical role in catalyst activity. Mechanistic studies and deuterium labeling experiments indicated that the reactions proceeded by an initial and reversible alcohol dehydrogenation resulting in a copper hydride intermediate. This was also supported by the direct observation of a diagnostic copper hydride signal by solid-state infrared spectroscopy. The TAP−Cu-H complex showed absorptions at 912 cm−1 that could be assigned to copper−hydride stretches. Furthermore, the direct trapping of an intermediate bisimine was also successfully performed.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adsc.201700179

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