3 years ago

Quantum Phases of Spinful Fermi Gases in Optical Cavities.

D. Rossini, M. Barsanti, M. L. Chiofalo, E. Colella, R. Citro

We propose the realization of a quantum fluid of spinful fermionic atoms interacting via a cavity-photon mediating mechanism, whose effective coupling g can be tuned in strength and sign after detuning the cavity frequency from the atomic transition. Cavity photons are able to drive strong correlations at all coupling strengths, with fermionic character for g>0 and bosonic character for g<0. Using a combination of mean-field and exact diagonalization methods supported by bosonization analysis,we explore the quantum phases emerging from the interplay between internal and motional degrees of freedom, finding spin-density and atomic-density wave ordering, and inferring the occurrence of superfluidity for g>0.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.00057

DOI: arXiv:1711.00057v1

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