3 years ago

Quantum Hall phase diagram of two-component Bose gases: Intercomponent entanglement and pseudopotentials.

Shunsuke Furukawa, Masahito Ueda

We study the ground-state phase diagram of two-dimensional two-component (or pseudospin-1/2) Bose gases in a high synthetic magnetic field in the space of the total filling factor and the ratio of the intercomponent coupling $g_{\uparrow\downarrow}$ to the intracomponent one $g>0$. Using exact diagonalization, we find that when the intercomponent coupling is attractive ($g_{\uparrow\downarrow}<0$), the product states of a pair of nearly uncorrelated quantum Hall states are remarkably robust and persist even when $|g_{\uparrow\downarrow}|$ is close to $g$. This contrasts with the case of an intercomponent repulsion, where a variety of spin-singlet quantum Hall states with high intercomponent entanglement emerge for $g_{\uparrow\downarrow}\approx g$. We interpret this marked dependence on the sign of $g_{\uparrow\downarrow}$ in light of pseudopotentials on a sphere, and also explain recent numerical results in two-component Bose gases in mutually antiparallel magnetic fields where a qualitatively opposite dependence on the sign of $g_{\uparrow\downarrow}$ is found. Our results thus unveil an intriguing connection between multicomponent quantum Hall systems and quantum spin Hall systems in minimal setups.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1703.07222

DOI: arXiv:1703.07222v2

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