3 years ago

Exploring the optical behaviour of a type Iax supernova SN 2014dt.

D. K. Sahu, Shubham Srivastav, S. B. Pandey, G. C. Anupama, Brajesh Kumar, N. K. Chakradhari, Brijesh Kumar, Subhash Bose, Kuntal Misra, Raya Dastidar, Anjasha Gangopadhyay, Mridweeka Singh

We present optical photometric (upto $\sim$410 days since $B$_{max}$) and spectroscopic (upto $\sim$157 days since $B$_{max}$) observations of a Type Iax supernova (SN) 2014dt located in M61. SN 2014dt is one of the brightest and closest (D $\sim$ 20 Mpc) discovered Type Iax SN. SN 2014dt best matches the light curve evolution of SN 2005hk and reaches a peak magnitude of $M$_B$ $\sim$-18.13$\pm$0.04 mag with $\Delta m_{15}$ $\sim$1.35$\pm 0.06$ mag. The early spectra of SN 2014dt are similar to other Type Iax SNe, whereas the nebular spectrum at 157 days is dominated by narrow emission features with less blending as compared to SNe 2008ge and 2012Z. The ejecta velocities are between 5000 to 1000 km sec$^{-1}$ which also confirms the low energy budget of Type Iax SN 2014dt as compared to normal Type Ia SNe. Using the peak bolometric luminosity of SN 2005hk we estimate $^{56}$Ni mass of $\sim$0.14 M$_{\odot}$ and the striking similarity between SN 2014dt and SN 2005hk implies that a comparable amount of $^{56}$Ni would have been synthesized in the explosion of SN 2014dt.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.00292

DOI: arXiv:1711.00292v1

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