Two-dimensional MoS$_2$ electromechanical actuators.
We investigate electromechanical properties of two-dimensional MoS$_2$ monolayers in the 1H, 1T, and 1T$^\prime$ structures as a function of charge doping by using density functional theory. We find isotropic elastic moduli in the 1H and 1T structures, while the 1T$^\prime$ structure exhibits an anisotropic elastic modulus. Moreover, the 1T structure is shown to have a negative Poisson's ratio, while Poisson's ratios of the 1H and 1T$^\prime$ are positive. By charge doping, the monolayer MoS$_2$ shows a reversibly strain and work density per cycle ranging from -0.68% to 2.67% and from 4.4 to 36.9 MJ/m$^3$, respectively, making them suitable for applications in electromechanical actuators. Stress generated is also examined in this work and we find that 1T and 1T$^\prime$ MoS$_2$ monolayers relatively have better performance than 1H MoS$_2$ monolayer. We argue that such excellent electromechanical performance originate from the electrical conductivity of the metallic 1T and semimetallic 1T$^\prime$ structures high Young's modulus of about $150-200$ GPa.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.00188