3 years ago

Molecule-Confined Engineering toward Superconductivity and Ferromagnetism in Two-Dimensional Superlattice

Molecule-Confined Engineering toward Superconductivity and Ferromagnetism in Two-Dimensional Superlattice
Huan Shan, Kejun Mu, Yi Xie, Qiran Wu, Zhe Sun, Changzheng Wu, Aidi Zhao, Yueqi Su, Zejun Li, Jiajing Wu, Xuefeng Cui, Yuqiao Guo, Yingcheng Zhao
Superconductivity is mutually exclusive with ferromagnetism, because the ferromagnetic exchange field is often destructive to superconducting pairing correlation. Well-designed chemical and physical methods have been devoted to realize their coexistence only by structural integrity of inherent superconducting and ferromagnetic ingredients. However, such coexistence in freestanding structure with nonsuperconducting and nonferromagnetic components still remains a great challenge up to now. Here, we demonstrate a molecule-confined engineering in two-dimensional organic–inorganic superlattice using a chemical building-block approach, successfully realizing first freestanding coexistence of superconductivity and ferromagnetism originated from electronic interactions of nonsuperconducting and nonferromagnetic building blocks. We unravel totally different electronic behavior of molecules depending on spatial confinement: flatly lying Co(Cp)2 molecules in strongly confined SnSe2 interlayers weaken the coordination field, leading to spin transition to form ferromagnetism; meanwhile, electron transfer from cyclopentadienyls to the Se–Sn–Se lattice induces superconducting state. This entirely new class of coexisting superconductivity and ferromagnetism generates a unique correlated state of Kondo effect between the molecular ferromagnetic layers and inorganic superconducting layers. We anticipate that confined molecular chemistry provides a newly powerful tool to trigger exotic chemical and physical properties in two-dimensional matrixes.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b10071

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b10071

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