3 years ago

Optospintronics in Graphene via Proximity Coupling

Optospintronics in Graphene via Proximity Coupling
Ahmet Avsar, Takashi Taniguchi, Kenji Watanabe, Dmitrii Unuchek, Andras Kis, Barbaros Özyilmaz, Oriol Lopez Sanchez, Jiawei Liu
The observation of micrometer size spin relaxation makes graphene a promising material for applications in spintronics requiring long-distance spin communication. However, spin dependent scatterings at the contact/graphene interfaces affect the spin injection efficiencies and hence prevent the material from achieving its full potential. While this major issue could be eliminated by nondestructive direct optical spin injection schemes, graphene’s intrinsically low spin–orbit coupling strength and optical absorption place an obstacle in their realization. We overcome this challenge by creating sharp artificial interfaces between graphene and WSe2 monolayers. Application of circularly polarized light activates the spin-polarized charge carriers in the WSe2 layer due to its spin-coupled valley-selective absorption. These carriers diffuse into the superjacent graphene layer, transport over a 3.5 μm distance, and are finally detected electrically using Co/h-BN contacts in a nonlocal geometry. Polarization-dependent measurements confirm the spin origin of the nonlocal signal. We also demonstrate that such signal is absent if graphene is contacted to bilayer WSe2 where the inversion symmetry is restored.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b06800

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b06800

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