3 years ago

ZnO Nanomembrane/Expanded Graphite Composite Synthesized by Atomic Layer Deposition as Binder-Free Anode for Lithium Ion Batteries

ZnO Nanomembrane/Expanded Graphite Composite Synthesized by Atomic Layer Deposition as Binder-Free Anode for Lithium Ion Batteries
Borui Xu, Yalan Li, Gaoshan Huang, Bing Wang, Ruobing Pan, Yuting Zhao, Yongfeng Mei, Chuanling Men
A zinc oxide (ZnO)/expanded graphite (EG) composite was successfully synthesized by using atomic layer deposition with dimethyl zinc as the zinc source and deionized water as the oxidant source. In the composite structure, EG provides a conductive channel and mechanical support to ZnO nanomembranes, which effectively avoids the electrode pulverization caused by the volume change of ZnO. The anodes made from the flexible composite films without using binder, conductive agent, and current collector show high stable capacities especially for that with a moderate ZnO concentration. The highest capacity stayed at 438 mAh g–1 at a current rate of 200 mA g–1 after 500 cycles. The good performance is considered to be due to the co-effects of the high capacity of ZnO and the support of the EG framework. Such composite structures may have great potential in low-cost and flexible batteries.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b11735

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b11735

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