3 years ago

Estimation of descriptors for hydrogen-bonding compounds from chromatographic and liquid-liquid partition measurements

Retention factors obtained by gas chromatography and reversed-phase liquid chromatography on varied columns and partition constants in different liquid-liquid partition systems are used to estimate WSU descriptor values for 36 anilines and N-heterocyclic compounds, 13 amides and related compounds, and 45 phenols and alcohols. These compounds are suitable for use as calibration compounds to characterize separation systems covering the descriptor space E=0.2–3, S=0.4–2.1, A=0–1.5, B=0.1–1.5, L=2.5–10.0 and V=0.5–2.2. Hydrogen-bonding properties are discussed in terms of structure, the possibility of induction effects, intramolecular hydrogen bonding and steric factors for anilines, amides, phenols and alcohols. The relationship between these parameters and observed descriptor values are difficult to predict from structure but facilitate improving the general occupancy of the descriptor space by creating incremental changes in hydrogen-bonding properties. It is verified that the compounds included in this study can be merged with an existing database of compounds recommended for characterizing separation systems.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0021967317315236

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