3 years ago

TET1 inhibits EMT of ovarian cancer cells through activating Wnt/β-catenin signaling inhibitors DKK1 and SFRP2

Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the deadliest type of ovarian cancer, but the mechanisms contributing to its tumorigenesis are not well understood. Herein, we will elucidate the role of Ten-eleven translocation 1 (TET1) in EOC development. Methods The expression of TET1 in EOC cell lines and primary samples was examined by western blot and immunohistochemistry. The biological role of ectopic TET1 overexpression was revealed by a series of in vitro functional studies. Its downstream signaling pathway was predicted by Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis of microarray data. The methylation level and expression of Wnt/β-catenin signaling inhibitors Dikkopf 1 (DKK1) and secreted Fzd receptor protein 2 (SFRP2) were examined by Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay, Epimark™ 5hmC and 5mC level analysis and quantitative RT-PCR. Small interference RNA (siRNA) technology was used to investigate the biological roles of DKK1 and SFRP2. Results TET1 expression was inversely correlated with clinical stage in patients with EOC by tissue microarray (TMA). TET1 expression was undetected in 6 types of EOC cell lines. Ectopic expression of TET1 inhibited colony formation, cell migration and invasion in SKOV3 and OVCAR3 cells. Furthermore, TET1 overexpression reversed the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process of SKOV3 cells. Mechanistically, TET1 potently inhibited canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling by demethylating and upregulating two upstream antagonists of this pathway, SFRP2 and DKK1, which was associated with inhibition of EMT and cancer cell metastasis. Conclusion This study uncovers that TET1 has potent tumor-suppressive effects in EOC by activating Wnt/β-catenin signaling inhibitors DKK1 and SFRP2.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0090825817312489

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