3 years ago

Angiotensin receptor blocker use and gastro-oesophageal cancer survival: a population-based cohort study

C. R. Cardwell, B. T. Johnston, Ú. McMenamin, J. Busby, A. Spence, C. Hughes
Background Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs; including candesartan, losartan, olmesartan and valsartan) are widely used to treat hypertension, heart failure and diabetic neuropathy. There is considerable pre-clinical evidence that ARBs can reduce cancer progression, particularly for gastric cancer. Despite this, epidemiological studies have yet to assess the impact of ARB use on gastro-oesophageal cancer survival. Aim To investigate the association between post-diagnosis ARB use and gastro-oesophageal cancer survival. Methods We selected a cohort of patients with newly-diagnosed gastro-oesophageal cancer between 1998 and 2012 from English cancer registries. We linked to prescription and clinical records from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, and to death records from the Office for National Statistics. We used time-dependant Cox-regression models to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) comparing gastro-oesophageal cancer-specific mortality between post-diagnosis ARB users and non-users, after adjusting for demographics, comorbidities and post-diagnosis aspirin or statin use. Results Our cohort included 5124 gastro-oesophageal cancer patients, of which 360 used ARBs, and 3345 died due to their gastro-oesophageal cancer during follow-up. After adjustment, ARB users had moderately lower risk of gastro-oesophageal cancer mortality than the non-users (HR = 0.83, 95% CI 0.71-0.98). There was evidence of a dose–response relationship with the lowest HRs observed among patients receiving at least 2 years of prescriptions (HR = 0.42, 95% CI 0.25-0.72). Conclusions In this large population-based gastro-oesophageal cancer cohort, we found moderately reduced cancer-specific mortality among ARB users. However, confirmation in further independent epidemiological studies with sufficient staging information is required.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/apt.14388

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.