3 years ago

The impact of sex and age on neurological outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients with targeted temperature management

The impact of sex and age on neurological outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients with targeted temperature management
Young-Min Kim, Byung Kook Lee, Yong Hwan Kim, Seung Pill Choi, Han Joon Kim, Chun Song Youn, Jeeyong Lim, Kyu Nam Park, Sang Hoon Oh, Joo Suk Oh, Soo Hyun Kim, In Soo Cho
There are conflicting data regarding sex-based differences in the outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients, and whether the specific sex advantage is age-specific remains unclear. We assessed the impact of the interactions between sex and age on the neurological outcomes of OHCA patients receiving targeted temperature management (TTM). Data collected from 2007 to 2012 for a multicenter, registry-based study of the Korean Hypothermia Network were analyzed. We used a multivariate logistic regression model with an interaction term (age × sex) as the final model for the outcomes. To evaluate the association between sex and outcome in specific age groups, all patients were divided into specific age subgroups, and the adjusted ORs and 95% CIs of good neurological outcomes for males were calculated for each age group. Finally, the ORs of a good neurological outcome for the specific age groups compared with the 50- to 59-year-old group were calculated for both sexes. In the interaction analysis, age was a negative prognostic factor (OR, 0.95 [95% CI, 0.93-0.98]), whereas sex was not associated with neurological outcomes (OR, 3.74 [95% CI, 0.85–16.35]), and reproductive age in females (age, < 50 years) was also not associated with good neurological outcomes. After the patients were divided into five age groups, sex was not an independent predictor of neurological outcomes across all age groups. Patients of both sexes aged < 40 years had significantly better outcomes than patients in the 50- to 59-year-old group (males, OR, 4.03 [95% CI, 1.86–8.73]; females, OR, 10.34 [95% CI, 1.99–53.85]). Males aged ≥ 70 years had significantly poorer neurological outcomes than those in the 50- to 59-year-old group (OR, 0.15 [95% CI, 0.07–0.32]), but this outcome was not observed for females (OR, 0.78 [95% CI, 0.20–3.14]). Sex did not influence the neurological outcomes of TTM-treated OHCA patients. In contrast to the outcomes in males, the neurological outcomes of females worsened from 18 to 59 years of age and then remained constant.
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