3 years ago

Inducible MicroRNA-3570 Feedback Inhibits the RIG-I-Dependent Innate Immune Response to Rhabdovirus in Teleost Fish by Targeting MAVS/IPS-1.

Dekun Bi, Qing Chu, Junxia Cui, Tianjun Xu
Effectively recognizing invading viruses and subsequently inducing the innate antiviral immunity are essential for the host antiviral defense. Although these processes are closely regulated by the host to maintain the immune balance, viruses have evolved the abilities to downregulate or upregulate these processes for their survival. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a family of small non-coding RNAs that play vital roles in modulating host immune response. Accumulating evidence demonstrates that host miRNAs as mediators are involved in regulating viral replication and host anti-viral immunity in mammals. However, the underlying regulatory mechanisms in fish species are still poorly understood. Here we found that rhabdovirus infection significantly upregulated host miR-3570 expression in miiuy croaker macrophages. Induced miR-3570 negatively modulated RNA virus-triggered type I interferon (IFN) and antiviral gene production, thus facilitating viral replication. Furthermore, miR-3570 was found to target and post-transcriptionally downregulate mitochondrial antiviral-signaling protein (MAVS), which functions as platforms for innate antiviral signal transduction. Moreover, we demonstrated that miR-3570 suppressed the expression of MAVS thereby inhibiting MAVS-mediated NF-κB and IRF3 signaling. The collective results demonstrated a novel regulation mechanism of MAVS-mediated immunity during RNA viral infection by miRNA.IMPORTANCE RNA viral infection could upregulate host miR-3570 expression in miiuy croaker macrophages. Induced miR-3570 negatively modulates RNA virus-triggered type I IFN and antiviral gene production, thus facilitating viral replication. Remarkably, miR-3570 could target and inhibit MAVS expression which thus modulates MAVS-mediated NF-κB and IRF3 signaling. The collective results of this study suggest a novel regulation mechanism of MAVS-mediated immunity during RNA viral infection by miR-3570. Thus, a novel mechanism for virus evasion in fish is proposed.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.01594-17

DOI: 10.1128/JVI.01594-17

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.