3 years ago

A F-doped tree-like nanofiber structural poly-m-phenyleneisophthalamide separator for high-performance lithium-sulfur batteries

A F-doped tree-like nanofiber structural poly-m-phenyleneisophthalamide separator for high-performance lithium-sulfur batteries
In this study, F-doped tree-like nanofiber structural poly-m-phenyleneisophthalamide (PMIA) membranes are prepared via one-step electrospinning approach and their application performance as separators for lithium-sulfur batteries are discussed. The F-doped PMIA membrane can be regarded as matrix to form gel polymer electrolyte. The F doping endows the PMIA membranes with extraordinary high electrolyte uptake, excellent ability of preserving the liquid electrolyte and forceful chemisorption to polysulfides. And the tree-like structure effectively blocks polysulfides by the physical confinement. The lithium-sulfur cell with the F-doped PMIA separator exhibits high first-cycle discharge capacity of 1222.5 mAh g−1 and excellent cycling stability with good capacity retention of 745.7 mAh g−1 and coulombic efficiency of 97.97% after 800 cycles. The remarkable performance can be ascribed to the suppressed shuttle effects through both the physical trapping of polysulfides by the gel polymer electrolyte based on matrix with F-doped PMIA membrane and the tree-like structure in a working cell.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0378775317309333

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