3 years ago

Excellent sodium storage performance of carbon-coated TiO2: Assisted with electrostatic interaction of surfactants

Excellent sodium storage performance of carbon-coated TiO2: Assisted with electrostatic interaction of surfactants
To enhance the electronic conductivity of TiO2, carbon-coating has been used as a simple and effective method for improving the electrochemical performances of TiO2 in sodium ion batteries. In this work, considering the internal connection between TiO2 and the coated carbon-layer, we synthesized carbon-coated TiO2 composites (TiO2/C) via hydrothermal method and subsequent calcination, assisted with different types of surfactant as carbon sources. Due to strong electrostatic attraction, cationic surfactant CTAB (cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide) generates a uniformly-coated carbon layer onto TiO2 surface, which enables good electronic conductivity and fast kinetics of the product. Therefore, TiO2/C assisted with CTAB as carbon source (TiO2/C-C) shows optimal sodium storage performance with excellent specific capacity (303 mA h g−1 at 0.1 C) and satisfying cycling stability, offering promising anode for constructing high capacity sodium ion batteries.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0378775317308595

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