3 years ago

Improved scFv Anti-LOX-1 Binding Activity by Fusion with LOX-1-Binding Peptides.

Qiuhong Xie, Wei Hu, Hongyu Xiang
The oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) targeted single-chain variable fragment (scFvs) is a promising molecule for the targeted delivery of imaging and therapeutic molecules of atherosclerotic diseases; however, its applications are limited by the inherent low antigen affinity. In this study, the three-dimensional (3D) model of the anti-LOX-1 scFv was constructed and its docking with the LOX-1 protein was developed. To improve the LOX-1-binding activity, the anti-LOX-1 scFv was designed to fuse with one of three LOX-1-binding heptapeptides, LTPATAI, FQTPPQL, and LSIPPKA, at its N-terminus and C-terminus and in the linker region, which have different LOX-1-binding interfaces with the anti-LOX-1 scFv analyzed by an array of computational approaches. These scFv/peptide fusions were constructed, successfully expressed in Brevibacillus choshinensis hosts, and purified by a two-step column purification process. The antigen binding activity, structural characteristics, thermal stability, and stability in serum of these fusion proteins were examined. Results showed that the scFv with N-terminal fusing peptides proteins demonstrated increased LOX-1-binding activity without decrease in stability. These findings will help increase the application efficacy of LOX-1 targeting scFv in LOX-1-based therapy.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8946935

DOI: 10.1155/2017/8946935

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