3 years ago

A Spectral Selective Attenuation Mechanism-Based Kpar Algorithm for Biomass Heating Effect Simulation in the Open Ocean

Xiaogang Xing, Xiangguang Zhang, Jun Chen, Zhifeng Yu, Joji Ishizaka
Quantifying the diffuse attenuation coefficient of the photosynthetically available radiation (Kpar) can improve our knowledge of euphotic depth (Zeu) and biomass heating effects in the upper layers of oceans. An algorithm to semi-analytically derive Kpar from remote sensing reflectance (Rrs) is developed for the global open oceans. This algorithm includes the following two portions: (1) a neural network model for deriving the diffuse attention coefficients (Kd) that considers the residual error in satellite Rrs, and (2) a three band depth-dependent Kpar algorithm (TDKA) for describing the spectral selective attenuation mechanism of underwater solar radiation in the open oceans. This algorithm is evaluated with both in situ PAR profile data and satellite images, and the results show that it can produce acceptable PAR profile estimations while clearly removing the impacts of satellite residual errors on Kpar estimations. Furthermore, the performance of the TDKA algorithm is evaluated by its applicability in Zeu derivation and mean temperature within a mixed layer depth (TML) simulation, and the results show that it can significantly decrease the uncertainty in both compared with the classical chlorophyll-a concentration-based Kpar algorithm. Finally, the TDKA algorithm is applied in simulating biomass heating effects in the Sargasso Sea near the Bermuda, with new Kpar data it is found that the biomass heating effects can lead to a 3.4°C maximum warming in the upper layers but could result in a 0.67°C maximum cooling in the deep layers.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/2017JC013101

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